Here, you will learn what an area in ASP.NET MVC application is and how to create it.

The large ASP.NET MVC application includes many controllers, views, and model classes. So it can be difficult to maintain it with the default ASP.NET MVC project structure. ASP.NET MVC introduced a new feature called Area for this. Area allows us to partition the large application into smaller units where each unit contains a separate MVC folder structure, same as the default MVC folder structure. For example, a large enterprise application may have different modules like admin, finance, HR, marketing, etc. So an Area can contain a separate MVC folder structure for all these modules, as shown below.

Multiple Areas in ASP.NET MVC Application

Creating an Area

You can create an area by right-clicking on the project in the solution explorer -> Add -> Area.., as shown below.

Enter the name of an area in the Add Area dialogue box and click on the Add button.

This will add an admin folder under the Area folder, as shown below.

As you can see, each area includes the AreaRegistration class. The following is adminAreaRegistration class created with admin area.

Example: Area Registration
public class adminAreaRegistration : AreaRegistration 
    public override string AreaName 
            return "admin";

    public override void RegisterArea(AreaRegistrationContext context) 
            new { action = "Index", id = UrlParameter.Optional }

The AreaRegistration class overrides the RegisterArea method to map the routes for the area. In the above example, any URL that starts with the admin will be handled by the controllers included in the admin folder structure under the Area folder. For example, http://localhost/admin/profile will be handled by the profile controller included in the Areas/admin/controller/ProfileController folder.

Finally, all the areas must be registered in the Application_Start event in Global.asax.cs as AreaRegistration.RegisterAllAreas();.

So in this way, you can create and maintain multiple areas for the large application.