Consume Web API Delete Method in ASP.NET MVC:

In the previous sections, we consumed Get, Post and Put methods of the Web API. Here, we will consume Delete method of Web API in ASP.NET MVC to delete a record.

We have already created Web API with Delete method that handles HTTP DELETE request in the Implement Delete Method section as below.

Sample Web API with Delete Method

public class StudentController : ApiController
{

    public StudentController()
    {
    }

    public IHttpActionResult Delete(int id)
    {
        if (id <= 0)
            return BadRequest("Not a valid student id");

        using (var ctx = new SchoolDBEntities())
        {
            var student = ctx.Students
                .Where(s => s.StudentID == id)
                .FirstOrDefault();

            ctx.Entry(student).State = System.Data.Entity.EntityState.Deleted;
            ctx.SaveChanges();
        }

        return Ok();
    }
}

The following is a Student list view created in the Consuming get method in MVC section. Here, we will implement delete functionality when user clicks on the Delete link in the following UI.

Student List View

When user clicks on the Delete link in the above UI, it sends HTTP Get request http://localhost:64189/student/delete/{id} to the Student controller with the current id parameter. So let's implement delete functionality by consuming Web API Delete method.

Step 1:

Create HttpGet action method Delete with id parameter in the MVC StudentController as shown below.

Example: Implement HttpGet Delete method

public class StudentController : Controller
{
    // GET: Student
    public ActionResult Index()
    {
        IList<StudentViewModel> students = null;

        using (var client = new HttpClient())
        {
            client.BaseAddress = new Uri("http://localhost:64189/api/student");
            //HTTP GET
            var responseTask = client.GetAsync("student");
            responseTask.Wait();

            var result = responseTask.Result;
            if (result.IsSuccessStatusCode)
            {
                var readTask = result.Content.ReadAsAsync<IList<StudentViewModel>>();
                readTask.Wait();

                students = readTask.Result;
            }
        }

        return View(students);

        //return View();
    }

    public ActionResult Delete(int id)
    {
        using (var client = new HttpClient())
        {
            client.BaseAddress = new Uri("http://localhost:64189/api/");

            //HTTP DELETE
            var deleteTask = client.DeleteAsync("student/" + id.ToString());
            deleteTask.Wait();

            var result = deleteTask.Result;
            if (result.IsSuccessStatusCode)
            {

                return RedirectToAction("Index");
            }
        }

        return RedirectToAction("Index");
    }

}

As you can see, Delete() action method above uses HttpClient to send HTTP DELETE request with the current id parameter. The Web API controller shown in the first code example, will handle this DELETE request and delete the record from the data source. Visit HttpClient section to learn more about it.

So, in this way you can consume Delete method of Web API in ASP.NET MVC.