TypeScript - Generic Class

TypeScript supports generic classes. The generic type parameter is specified in angular brackets after the name of the class. A generic class can have generic fields (member variables) or methods.

Example: Generic Class
class KeyValuePair<T,U>
{ 
    private key: T;
    private val: U;

    setKeyValue(key: T, val: U): void { 
        this.key = key;
        this.val = val;
    }

    display():void { 
        console.log(`Key = ${this.key}, val = ${this.val}`);
    }
}

let kvp1 = new KeyValuePair<number, string>();
kvp1.setKeyValue(1, "Steve");
kvp1.display(); //Output: Key = 1, Val = Steve 

let kvp2 = new KayValuePair<string, string>();
kvp2.SetKeyValue("CEO", "Bill"); 
kvp2.display(); //Output: Key = CEO, Val = Bill

In the above example, we created a generic class named KeyValuePair with a type variable in the angle brackets <T, U>. The KeyValuePair class includes two private generic member variables and a generic function setKeyValue that takes two input arguments of type T and U. This allows us to create an object of KeyValuePair with any type of key and value.

The generic class can also implement a generic interface. Consider the following example.

Example: Generic Class implements Generic Interface
interface IKeyValueProcessor<T, U>
{
    process(key: T, val: U): void;
};

class kvProcessor<T, U> implements IKeyValueProcessor<T, U>
{ 
    process(key:T, val:U):void { 
        console.log(`Key = ${key}, val = ${val}`);
    }
}

let proc: IKeyValueProcessor<number, string> = new kvProcessor();
proc.process(1, 'Bill'); //Output: processKeyPairs: key = 1, value = Bill 

In the above example, the generic class kvProcessor implements the generic interface IKeyValueProcessor. It does not specify the type parameters T and U, instead it allows users to set them themselves. Thus, kvProcessor class can be used with any type of key and value. A variable is defined as generic interface type with underlying types for T and U. So, you don't need to set the generic types for kvProcessor.