ASP.NET MVC Folder Structure

Here, you will learn about the ASP.NET MVC project structure. Visual Studio creates the following folder structure of the ASP.NET MVC application by default.

ASP.NET MVC Folder Structure
MVC Folder Structure

Let's see significance of each folder.

App_Data

The App_Data folder can contain application data files like LocalDB, .mdf files, XML files, and other data related files. IIS will never serve files from App_Data folder.

App_Start

The App_Start folder can contain class files that will be executed when the application starts. Typically, these would be config files like AuthConfig.cs, BundleConfig.cs, FilterConfig.cs, RouteConfig.cs etc. MVC 5 includes BundleConfig.cs, FilterConfig.cs and RouteConfig.cs by default. We will see the significance of these files later.

appstart folder asp.mvc
App_Start Folder

Content

The Content folder contains static files like CSS files, images, and icons files. MVC 5 application includes bootstrap.css, bootstrap.min.css, and Site.css by default.

content folder asp.mvc
Content Folder

Controllers

The Controllers folder contains class files for the controllers. A Controller handles users' request and returns a response. MVC requires the name of all controller files to end with "Controller". You will learn about the controller in the next section.

controller folder in asp.mvc
Controller Folder
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fonts

The Fonts folder contains custom font files for your application.

fonts asp.mvc
Fonts folder

Models

The Models folder contains model class files. Typically model class includes public properties, which will be used by the application to hold and manipulate application data.

Scripts

The Scripts folder contains JavaScript or VBScript files for the application. MVC 5 includes javascript files for bootstrap, jquery 1.10, and modernizer by default.

scripts folder asp.mvc
Scripts Folder

Views

The Views folder contains HTML files for the application. Typically view file is a .cshtml file where you write HTML and C# or VB.NET code.

The Views folder includes a separate folder for each controller. For example, all the .cshtml files, which will be rendered by HomeController will be in View > Home folder.

The Shared folder under the View folder contains all the views shared among different controllers e.g., layout files.

view folder asp.mvc
View Folder

Additionally, MVC project also includes the following configuration files:

Global.asax

Global.asax file allows you to write code that runs in response to application-level events, such as Application_BeginRequest, application_start, application_error, session_start, session_end, etc.

Packages.config

Packages.config file is managed by NuGet to track what packages and versions you have installed in the application.

Web.config

Web.config file contains application-level configurations.

Learn how the ASP.NET MVC framework handles requests using routing in the next section.