HTML Templates in Angular 2 (v11)

In the previous chapter, you have created an HTML template for the component. Here, you will learn HTML template in detail.

HTML template is nothing but a regular HTML code with additional Angular specific syntax to communicate with the component class.

HTML Template = HTML + Angular Bindings and Directives.

Angular API interprets an HTML template of a component, generates the HTML and render it.

You can create an HTML template in a component in two ways:

  1. Inline Template
  2. Linked Template

Inline Template

An inline HTML template for a component is defined using template config in @Component decorator, as shown below.

It can be a single line template wrapped inside double quotes or single quotes.

Example: Inline Template
    selector: "app-greet",
    template: "Enter Your Name: <input value={{name}} />"

It can also be a multi-line template wrapped inside backticks char `.

Example: Multi-line Template
    selector: "app-greet",
    template: `<div>
    Enter Your Name: <input type="text" value={{name}} /> <br/>
    <button (click)="greet()">Greet Me!</button>

Linked Template

A component can have a separate HTML file to include an HTML template of a component. Use the templateUrl parameter to declare the path of the HTML template file, as shown below.

Example: Linked Template
    selector: "app-greet",
    templateUrl: "./mycomponent.component.html"

It is a best practice to have a separate .html file for a template. It will be easy to work with HTML tags and also maintain it.

SVG in HTML Template

A component can also use the SVG file as a template file.

Example: SVG Template
  selector: 'app-svg',
  templateUrl: './draw.component.svg',
  styleUrls: ['./draw.component.css']