MongoDB Shell is the quickest way to connect, configure, query, and work with your MongoDB database. It acts as a command-line client of the MongoDB server.
MongoDB Shell is already installed with MongoDB. You can find it in the installation directory where you installed MongoDB. By default, it is "C:\Program Files\MongoDB\Server". Open the installation folder and appropriate version folder and go to the "bin" folder. Here, "mongo.exe" is MongoDB shell. Click on it to open the MongoDB shell, as shown below.
New MongoDB Shell - mongosh
In the installation folder, if you find mongosh.exe instead of mongo.exe then you already have a new MongoDB shell. If you don't find it, then you need to install it separately.
The new MongoDB Shell mongosh has some more features than old shell mongo such as intelligent autocomplete and syntax highlighting, easy to understand error messages, formatting feature to present the output in a readable format, etc. However, all the commands will be executed in mongosh as well as mongo shell.
To install the new MongoDB shell (mongosh), visit www.mongodb.com and click on Product menu -> Tools -> Database Shell, as shown below.
On the MongoDB Shell page, click on the Download button to download the shell.
This will take you to a page where you can select a version, platform, and package to download, as shown below.
Click on the Download button to download the installer file.
Now, click on the downloaded installer file to start the installation wizard, as shown below.
Click Next to go to next step shown below.
Here, uncheck the checkbox if you want to install shell for all users on your local machine and click Next.
Click on the Install button to start the installation. It should quickly install it.
Once installation completes, click the Finish button to close the wizard.
This should have installed mongosh in "C:\Program Files\mongosh" folder on Windows, as shown below.
Click on the mongosh.exe to open a new MongoDB shell, as shown below.
Press Enter to start the shell, as shown below.
Alternatively, open a new command prompt on Windows and write mongosh and press Enter. It will open the same MongoDB shell.
Execute MongoDB Commands
You can execute MongoB commands for CRUD operations on MongoDB shell (mongo or mongosh). For example, execute the "shows dbs" command to see all the databases on the connected MongoDB server.> show dbs
admin 41 kB
config 111 kB
local 41 kB
Use the "db" command to check the current database.> db
.editor command to execute multi-line commands. Press
Ctrl + d to run a command or
Ctrl + c to cancel.
Ctrl + c twice to exit from the MongoDB shell.